Sinaí, Manises

N Inv.: CE1/14253

A Sinai is a type of ceramic water purifier invented in 1926 by the Valencian chemist and biologist Conrado Granell and it was patented in 1927. This particular piece is from the Vicente Montaner Lerma factory in Manises, which solely manufactured water filters in the 1930s. It is decorated with geometrical and floral motifs in the then popular Art Deco style.

The upper reservoir shows the inscription: “Sinai. Fuente de Salud. P. 103867. Conrado Granell” (“Sinai. Fountain of health. P. 103867. Conrado Granell”).

The Sinai consists of three parts: the upper reservoir with a lid, the filter itself with a tap and the foot support. The different sections contain mineral matter, activated carbon and porous stones which purify the water as it passes through, drop by drop, to be collected in the central vessel (at a rate of eight litres per ten hours). The late 19th century saw the beginning of the manufacture of water filters in Valencia due to the concern for hygiene and the prevention of epidemics and bacteriological illnesses. The Sinai was a more sophisticated type of water purifier: as well as filtering, it could remove impurities to create mineral water.

The Sinai - adorned with Art Nouveau, indigenous, Neo-Renaissance or Art Deco styles, depending on the period - was also used as a decorative object.

Not on display.